Morphology: Gram-negative rod covered with flagella
Habitat: Normal flora in the intestines of humans and widespread in the environment
Disease or illness: Commonly causes urinary tract infections, especially in already ill and hospitalized patients with urinary catheters
Who is at risk: Persons with a weakened immune system due to another disease or medication
Avoidance techniques: Wash hands after using the toilet. Women and girls should wipe front-toback or “dab” with toilet paper after using the toilet. Healthcare workers should use good infection prevention practices with care of catheterized patients.