Nickname: H. flu
Morphology: Gram-negative rod
Habitat: Lives in the mouth and throat of humans, especially children
Disease or illness: Before the vaccine was available, H. flu was a common cause of meningitis, especially in young children. It can cause infections of the ear, eye, sinuses, or lungs.
Who is at risk: Young children who have not been vaccinated and the elderly
Avoidance techniques: Don’t let others cough or sneeze in your face; wash hands; discard and don’t touch used tissues. A vaccine for H. flu is usually given to infants along with the other childhood immunizations